Saturday, June 30, 2012

Definition, Causes, Signs and Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection

Definition of UTI, Causes of UTI, Signs and Symptoms of Urinary Tract InfectionDefinition and Causes of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is a condition of inflamed urinary system due to bacterial infection. The infection generally starts from the estuarine section urinary infection and the urethra (urethritis) but if not addressed properly then the infection will spread to the bladder (cystitis), ureters (urethritis) and even up to the kidneys (pyelonephritis) (Suciadi, 2010:34).

The types of microorganisms that cause UTI, according to Sudoyo (2006:564) are:
  1. Escherichia Coli: 90% of the cause of uncomplicated UTI (simple)
  2. Pseudomonas, Proteus, Klebsiella: the cause of complicated UTI
  3. Enterobacter, staphylococcus epidemidis, enterococci, and-others.
Trigger UTI in the elderly by Tessy (2001) are:
  1. The remaining urine in the bladder is increased due to the emptying of the bladder is less effective.
  2. The mobility decreases.
  3. Nutrition is often poor.
  4. Decreased immune system, both cellular and humoral.
  5. The existence of barriers to the flow of urine.
  6. Loss of bactericidal effect of secretions of the prostate.
Signs and symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
  1. The pain during urination.
  2. Acute Pain : Abdominal pain and lower middle.
  3. Colored urine is cloudy and there was blood.
  4. Low back pain.
  5. Fever to chills.
  6. Nausea and vomiting.
Signs and symptoms of UTI at the bottom, according to Smeltzer (2008), namely:
  1. Pain is a frequent and burning sensation when urinating.
  2. Spasm in the bladder and suprapubic area.
  3. Haematuria.
  4. Back pain can occur.
Signs and symptoms of upper UTI, according to Smeltzer (2008), namely:
  1. Fever and chills.
  2. Pelvic and hip pain.
  3. Pain when urinating.
  4. Malaise and dizziness.
  5. Nausea and vomiting.
Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
  1. Get used to drinking enough water each day, which is 8 glasses a day.
  2. Avoid the habit of holding urine.
  3. For women, avoid the habit of washing the genitals with a variety of cosmetic products that are not clear or wipe with toilet water of questionable cleanliness.
  4. Get used to wipe with the direction from front to rear direction.
  5. Get used to relate in a healthy way, women should get used to urinate after intercourse.
  6. Keep your genital area.
  7. Replace the pads when you are menstruating regularly.
  8. Replace regular diaper.
  9. Wear underwear made ​​from a comfortable and not too tight
  10. Check urine regularly during pregnancy.
  11. Complete treatment if you have prostate disease or urinary tract stones.
(Suciadi, 2010:65).

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