Saturday, March 24, 2012

Nursing Intervention and Implementation of Low Back Pain

Lower back pain is one of the leading reasons people in the United States visit their doctors. It will inhibit the lives of millions of Americans this year. In fact, an average four out of five adults will experience low back pain at some point in their lives. So the question, "What is causing my lower back pain?" is not uncommon.

Three categories of lower back pain

Your lower back pain will fall into one of three categories, which your doctor bases on your description of the pain.

1. Axial lower back pain - mechanical or simple back pain

2. Radicular lower back pain - sciatica

3. Lower back pain with referred pain

Nursing Intervention and Implementation of Low Back Pain

Nursing Intervention and Implementation of Low Back Pain

1. Relieve pain
To reduce pain nurses can encourage patients to bed rest and changing sleeping position is determined, to improve lumbar flexion. Patients are taught to control and adjust the pain, which is done through the respiratory diaphragm and relaxation can help reduce muscle tension that contributes to lower back pain. Distract patients from pain with other activities such as reading books, watching TV and the imagination (imagine the fun things by focusing on it).
Gently massage the soft tissue is very useful for reducing muscle spasms, improve circulation and reduce the damming and reduce pain. When given a drug nurse should assess the patient's response to each drug.

2. Improve physical mobility
Physical mobility is monitored through continuous assessment. Nurses assess how patients move and stand. Once the back pain is reduced, self-care activities may be done with minimal strain on the injured structure. Change of position should be done slowly and assisted if necessary. The twist and sway should be avoided. Patients are encouraged to switch the activity of lying, sitting and walking around for a long time. Nurses should encourage patients to comply with appropriate training program established, training is just not effective.

3. Improve proper body mechanics
Patients must be taught how to sit, stand, lie down and lift items correctly.

4. Health education
Patients must be taught how to sit, stand, lie down and lifting objects properly

5. Improve the performance of the role
Responsibilities associated with the role may have changed since the onset of lower back pain. Once the pain healed, patients can return to his role of responsibility again. However, if the activity is impacting on the bottom of my back pain again, it may be difficult to return to the original liability without bearing the risk of chronic low back pain with disability and depression caused.

6. Changing nutrition and weight loss
Weight loss through the adjustment of feeding can prevent recurrence of back pain, by means of the rational nutrition plan that includes changes in eating habits to maintain a desirable weight.

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