Cellulitis is a skin infection brought by certain types of microorganism. The bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus and Group A Streptococcus are usually responsible for this kind of infection.
Streptococci and Staphylococci can enter the skin to cause cellulitis infection through scrapes, cuts, wounds, blisters, insect bites and ulcers and find their way into the dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin.
Typical symptoms that indicate a cellulitis infection include sudden reddish swelling of the skin, headache, nausea,fever along with multiple small reddish colored dots appearing on the surface of the skin.
Cellulitis caused by the Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci is rapid spreading because of the enzymes produced by the bacteria that breaks down the cellular components responsible for localized infection.
7 Nursing Diagnosis for Cellulitis
1. Acute pain related to irritation of the skin, impaired skin integrity, ischemic tissue.
2. Impaired Skin Integrity related to the presence of gangrene in the extremities.
3. Anxiety related to lack of knowledge about the disease.
4. Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements related to poor food intake.
5. Disturbed Body Image related to changes in the form of one limb.
6. Sleep Pattern Disturbance related to pain in a leg wound.
7. Knowledge Deficit: the prevention of symptoms and treatment of conditions related to inadequate information.