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Saturday, April 14, 2012

Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements related to Anemia

Anemia Nursing Care PlanNursing Diagnosis: Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements

Definition: lack of nutritional intake to meet the metabolic needs of the body.

Defining characteristics:
  • Weight 20% or more below the ideal
  • Reports of food intake is less than the RDA (Recomended Daily Allowance)
  • Pale mucous membranes and conjunctiva
  • Weakness of the muscles used for swallowing / chewing
  • Injury, inflammation of the oral cavity
  • Easy to feel full, shortly after the chewing of food
  • Reported or the fact of lack of food
  • Reported a change in taste sensation
  • Feeling of inability to chew food
  • misconceptions
  • Losing weight with enough food
  • Reluctance to eat
  • Cramps in the abdomen
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Abdominal pain with or without pathology
  • Less interest in food
  • Capillary blood vessels from fragile
  • And diarrhea or steatorrhea
  • Hair loss is pretty much (loss)
  • Hyperactive bowel sounds
  • Lack of information, misinformation
Related factors:
  • Inability to enter or digest food or absorb nutrients associated with biological factors, psychological or economic.

Nursing Diagnosis for Anemia: Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements related to inability to absorb nutrients associated with biological factors

Nutritional Status
  • Intake of nutrients (nutrients) is adequate
  • Adequate food and fluid intake
  • Adequate energy
  • According to body mass
  • Weight according to age
  • The size of the nutritional needs of the biochemistry within normal range

Nutrient Management
  • The review of food allergy
  • Collaboration with a dietitian to determine the amount of calories and nutrients it needs patients.
  • Increase consumption of protein and vitamin C
  • Give the substance of the sugar
  • Make sure eat a diet containing high fiber to prevent constipation
  • Monitor the amount of nutrients and calories
  • Provide information about the nutritional needs
  • Assess the patient's ability to get the nutrients it needs
Nutrition Monitor
  • Monitor change in body weight
  • Monitor the type and amount of activity is usually done
  • Monitor the environment for food
  • Schedule of treatment and no action during a meal
  • Monitor skin turgor
  • Monitor drought, dull hair, and brittle
  • Monitor nausea and vomiting
  • Monitor levels of albumin, total protein, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels
  • Monitor pallor, redness, and dryness of the conjunctival tissue
  • Monitor intake of calories and nuntrisi
  • Note the presence of edema, hiperemik, hypertonic papillae of the tongue and oral cavity.
  • Record if the magenta-colored tongue, scarlet

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