Malaria is an infectious disease with periodic fever, caused by the parasite Plasmodium and transmitted by mosquitoes kind Anopeles (Tjay & Prog, 2000).
Symptoms of Malaria
- Some malaria symptoms can seem rather like flu, but malaria can be very serious if it progresses to a lifethreatening coma.
- Symptoms can include:
- Temperature Greater Than 38 ° C
- Chills with sweating
- Muscle aches
5 Nursing Diagnosis for Malaria
Nursing diagnosis for malaria, based on signs and symptoms can be described as below (Doengoes, Moorhouse and Geissler, 1999):
1. Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements
related to inadequate food intake; anorexia; nausea / vomiting
2. Risk for Infection related to decreased immune system; invasive procedures
3. Hyperthermia related to increased metabolism, dehydration, a direct effect on the hypothalamic circulation of germs.
4. Impaired Tissue Perfusion related to a decrease in the cellular components needed for the delivery of oxygen and nutrients in the body.
5. Knowledge deficient: the disease, prognosis and treatment needs related to lack of exposure / recall error interpretation of information, cognitive limitations.