Testicular cancer is a form of cancer that can be located in either or both of a man's testicles. Also referred to as the testes or the gonads, the testicles are located in the scrotum that is a sack like area found under the penis.
Testicular cancer occurs most often in men between the ages of 20 and 39, and is the most common form of solid tumour in men between the ages of 15 and 34. It may also occur in young boys, but only about 3% of all testicular cancer is found in this group. Tumors usually occur in one testicle, however, 2-3% of tumors can occur in both testicles, either simultaneously or at a later date.
Signs and Symptoms
The first sign is usually a firm, pain, smooth testicular mass which is sometimes accompanied by a feeling of heaviness in the testicles. Other symptoms of testicular cancer include: a feeling of swelling in the scrotum, discomfort or pain in the scrotum, ache in the lower back, pelvis or groin area, collection of fluid in the scrotum, gynecomastia and nipple tenderness. In advanced stages symptoms include: ureteral obstruction, abdominal mass, coughing, shortness of breath, weight loss, fatigue, pallor and lethargy.
Nursing Diagnosis for Testicular Cancer : Acute Pain related to the disease process (suppression / destruction of nerve tissue, infiltration of the nerve supply systems, neural pathway obstruction, inflammation), the side effects of cancer therapy.
- Clients are able to control pain through activity.
- Reported pain experienced.
- Follow the treatment program.
- Demonstrate techniques of relaxation and diversion of pain through activities that may be.
- Determine the pain history, location, duration and intensity.
- Evaluation of therapies: surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, bio-therapy, teach clients and families on how to deal with it.
- Give the transfer of such repositioning and fun activities such as listening to music or watching TV
- Recommends stress management techniques (relaxation techniques, visualization, guidance), happy, and provide therapeutic touch.
- Evaluation of pain, provide treatment if necessary.
- Disusikan pain management by physicians and also with clients.
- Give analgesics as indicated.
- Provide information needed for planning care.
- To find appropriate therapy is carried out or not, or even complications.
- To enhance client comfort by diverting attention from pain.
- Enhance self-control over side effects by lowering stress and anxiety.
- To find out the effectiveness of pain management, pain level and to what extent the client is able to hold him and know the needs of the client will be anti-pain medication.
- In order for a given therapeutic target.
- To overcome the pain.