Pain is a feeling triggered in the nervous system. Pain may be sharp or dull. It may come and go, or it may be constant. You may feel pain in one area of your body, such as your back, abdomen or chest or you may feel pain all over, such as when your muscles ache from the flu.
Pain can be helpful in diagnosing a problem. Without pain, you might seriously hurt yourself without knowing it, or you might not realize you have a medical problem that needs treatment. Once you take care of the problem, pain usually goes away. However, sometimes pain goes on for weeks, months or even years. This is called chronic pain. Sometimes chronic pain is due to an ongoing cause, such as cancer or arthritis. Sometimes the cause is unknown.
Fortunately, there are many ways to treat pain. Treatment varies depending on the cause of pain. Pain relievers, acupuncture and sometimes surgery are helpful.
Nursing Interventions for Pain
- Increase knowledge
- Explain the causes of pain to the individual, if known.
- Linking how long the pain will last, if known.
- Explain diagnostic tests and procedures in detail with a connecting discomfort and sensation will be felt, and the estimated duration of pain occur.
- Provide accurate information to reduce fear.
- Connect your acceptance of individual response to pain.
- Recognizing the existence of pain.
- Listen with full attention on the pain.
- Shows that the pain you are because you want to understand better (not to determine if the pain is really there).
- Assess the family to know the concept of error handling or painful.
- Discuss the reasons why individuals may experience an increase or decrease in pain (eg, increasing fatigue pain, distraction reduce pain).
- Give encouragement to family members telling each other personally feel concerned.
- Assess whether painful family dispute and discuss the impact on individuals who experience pain.
- Encourage families to continue to give attention to pain, although not shown.
- Provide opportunities for individuals to rest during the day and time of uninterrupted sleep at night.
- Talk with individuals and families use distraction therapy, along with other methods to reduce pain.
- Teach methods of distraction for acute pain, with regular breathing.
- Teach noninvasive pain reduction
- Give individuals the optimal reduction of pain with analgesics.
- After granting a reduction of pain, returned 30 minutes later to assess its effectiveness.
- Provide accurate information to correct errors on a family concept (eg, addiction, hesitant about the pain).
- Give the individual the opportunity to talk about fear, anger, and frustration in place, difficulty understanding the situation.
- Give encouragement of individuals to talk about the pain experience.