Liver cirrhosis is a degenerative inflammatory disease that results in hardening and scarring of liver cells. The loss of liver cells interferes with the organ's ability to process nutrients, hormones, and drugs and slows the production of protein other important substances manufactured in the liver. Liver becomes unable to function properly due to the scarred tissue, which prevents the normal passage of blood through the liver.
Some main physical indications of liver cirrhosis are jaundice and yellow discoloration of the skin. However, patients do display some other symptoms such as itching, which is medically termed as pruitus and fatigue. There are many reasons behind liver cirrhosis condition; some of the main ones are extreme alcohol intake, hepatitis B and C infections, and fatty liver, exposure to insecticides.
The most common symptoms are loss of appetite, loss of body weight, nausea, pain in abdominal area in the location of liver, weakness in body and itchy skin. Severe conditions include yellow discoloration of skin, cramps, mental imbalance and confusion and difficulty in absorption of alcohol and drugs.
10 Nursing Diagnosis for Liver Cirrhosis
1. Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements related to anorexia.
2. Activity Intolerance related to muscle weakness.
3. Fluid and electrolyte imbalances related to portal hypertension.
4. Ineffective Tissue Perfusion related to hematemesis and melena.
5. Anxiety related to hematemesis and melena.
6. Ineffective Breathing Pattern related to decreased lung expansion.
7. Impaired Verbal Communication related to neurological disturbances talking.
8. Risk for injury related to uncontrolled movements.
9. Impaire Physical Mobility related to the effect of muscle stiffness.
10. Self-care deficit related to a state of coma.